Published at Sunday, 15 December 2019. Male. By Abby Marshall.
The first documented use of the name mixed martial arts was in a review of UFC 1 by television critic Howard Rosenberg, in 1993. The term gained popularity when the website newfullcontact.com, then one of the biggest covering the sport, hosted and reprinted the article. The first use of the term by a promotion was in September 1995 by Rick Blume, president and CEO of Battlecade Extreme Fighting, just after UFC 7. UFC official Jeff Blatnick was responsible for the Ultimate Fighting Championship officially adopting the name mixed martial arts. It was previously marketed as "Ultimate Fighting" and "No Holds Barred (NHB)", until Blatnick and John McCarthy proposed the name "MMA" at the UFC 17 rules meeting in response to increased public criticism. The question as to who actually coined the name is still in debate.
Mixed martial arts was believed to date back to the ancient Olympic Games in 648 bce, when pankration—the martial training of Greek armies—was considered the combat sport of ancient Greece. The brutal contest combined wrestling, boxing, and street fighting. Kicking and hitting a downed opponent were allowed; only biting and eye gouging were forbidden. A match ended when one of the fighters acknowledged defeat or was rendered unconscious. In some cases, competitors died during matches. Pankration became one of the most popular events of the ancient Olympics.
Among other early stars of the sport were Americans Randy Couture and Chuck Liddell. Couture boasted an impressive background in freestyle and Greco-Roman wrestling. He was a three-time National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) All-American at Oklahoma State University and a four-time winner at the U.S. national Greco-Roman Championships. He won the UFC heavyweight belt before dropping down a weight class and dominating the UFC light heavyweight division en route to capturing that crown. He won his first bout against Liddell in 2003 but lost two rematches in 2005 and 2006. During their widely publicized trilogy of fights, Liddell became a menacing poster boy for the sport, with his shaved Mohawk and tattooed head. Couture was named to the UFC Hall of Fame in 2006, and Liddell was enshrined in 2009.
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