Published at Tuesday, 17 December 2019. Female. By Aiden Cox.
In 1980, CV Productions, Inc. created the first regulated MMA league in the United States, called Tough Guy Contest, which was later renamed Battle of the Superfighters. The company sanctioned ten tournaments in Pennsylvania. However, in 1983 the Pennsylvania State Senate passed a bill prohibiting the sport. In 1993, the Gracie family brought Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, developed in Brazil from the 1920s, to the United States by founding the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) MMA promotion company. The company held an event with almost no rules, mostly due the influence of Art Davie and Rorion Gracie attempting to replicate Vale Tudo fights that existed in Brazil, and would later implement a different set of rules (example: eliminating kicking a grounded opponent), which differed from other leagues which were more in favour of realistic fights.
The International Mixed Martial Arts Federation (IMMAF) was founded in 2012 in Sweden to further the development of the sport and to serve as the global governing body for amateur MMA. IMMAF members include more than 40 national MMA federations. The IMMAF annually sponsors the World Championships of Amateur MMA and maintains an amateur MMA world-ranking list. It is a stated goal of the IMMAF to ultimately secure the inclusion of MMA in the Olympic Games.
On the professional level, the UFC, based in Las Vegas, Nevada, is MMA’s leading promoter. It produces dozens of live events each year, and its pay-per-view cable television broadcasts have reached viewers in some 130 countries around the world. The organization, founded in 1993, was purchased by Zuffa Inc. in January 2001 for $2 million and quickly expanded. UFC President Dana White soon became the face of the sport. In 2016 it was announced that the UFC was being sold to the talent agency WME-IMG for $4 billion.
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