Published at Sunday, 15 December 2019. Male. By Abby Marshall.
Among other early stars of the sport were Americans Randy Couture and Chuck Liddell. Couture boasted an impressive background in freestyle and Greco-Roman wrestling. He was a three-time National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) All-American at Oklahoma State University and a four-time winner at the U.S. national Greco-Roman Championships. He won the UFC heavyweight belt before dropping down a weight class and dominating the UFC light heavyweight division en route to capturing that crown. He won his first bout against Liddell in 2003 but lost two rematches in 2005 and 2006. During their widely publicized trilogy of fights, Liddell became a menacing poster boy for the sport, with his shaved Mohawk and tattooed head. Couture was named to the UFC Hall of Fame in 2006, and Liddell was enshrined in 2009.
Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a full-contact combat sport that allows striking and grappling, both standing and on the ground, using techniques from various combat sports and martial arts. The first documented use of the term mixed martial arts was in a review of UFC 1 by television critic Howard Rosenberg in 1993. The term gained popularity when newfullcontact.com, then one of the largest websites covering the sport, hosted and republished the article. The question of who actually coined the term is subject to debate.
Time limits were established to avoid long fights with little action where competitors conserved their strength. Matches without time limits also complicated the airing of live events. The time limits in most professional fights are three 5 minute rounds, and championship fights are normally five 5-minute rounds. Similar motivations produced the "stand up" rule, where the referee can stand fighters up if it is perceived that both are resting on the ground or not advancing toward a dominant position.
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